Identification of two novel mutations in SLC29A3 encoding an equilibrative nucleoside transporter (hENT3) in two distinct Syrian families with H syndrome: expression studies of SLC29A3 (hENT3) in human skin

Dermatology. 2012;224(3):277-84. doi: 10.1159/000338886. Epub 2012 May 31.


Background: H syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder which involves the skin and other systemic organs and is caused by mutations in the SLC29A3 gene.

Objectives: To disclose the molecular basis of H syndrome in two Syrian families, and to determine the localization of hENT3 in human skin.

Methods: DNA from two Syrian families with H syndrome was analyzed through direct sequencing, and the expression of hENT3 in normal human skin was investigated by in situ hybridization and immunostaining.

Results: We identified two novel mutations in the SLC29A3 gene: a homozygous splice site mutation IVS1+2T>G predicted to cause a splicing error, and a homozygous missense mutation c.1157G>A (p.R386Q) which substituted highly conserved amino acid residue in a transmembrane domain of hENT3. Furthermore, we demonstrate that hENT3 is expressed in histiocytes as well as in endothelium of blood and lymphatic vessels in normal human skin.

Conclusions: Our results further enhance the mutation spectrum of the SLC29A3 gene for this rare genetic disorder, and also suggest potential pathomechanisms for the skin lesions resulting from SLC29A3 mutations.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Child
  • Contracture / genetics*
  • Endothelium, Vascular / metabolism
  • Female
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / genetics*
  • Histiocytes / metabolism
  • Histiocytosis / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Lymphatic Vessels / metabolism
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation*
  • Nucleoside Transport Proteins / genetics*
  • Pedigree
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Syndrome
  • Syria


  • Nucleoside Transport Proteins
  • SLC29A3 protein, human

Supplementary concepts

  • Histiocytosis with joint contractures and sensorineural deafness