Background: Poloxamer-188 (P-188) is a biological membrane sealant that prevents the unregulated entry of Ca into cardiomyocytes and has been shown to have the ability to act as a membrane-repair agent in isolated cardiac myocytes. The purpose of this study was to determine if treatment with P-188 would improve left ventricular (LV) function in a rat chronic heart failure (CHF) model.
Methods: We ligated the left coronary artery of adult male Sprague-Dawley rats to induce a myocardial infarction (MI). The rats were allowed to recover for 8 weeks until stable CHF was present and treated with a range of P-188 doses [1.5 mg/kg (N = 6), 4.6 mg/kg (N = 11), 15.3 mg/kg (N = 11), and 460 mg/kg (N = 6)] delivered via 30 minutes of intravenous infusion. The rats were randomized to study groups: control, 2 hours, 24 hours, 48 hours, 1 week, and 2 weeks posttreatment (N = 8 in each group).
Results: Two weeks after high dose (460 mg/kg) administration, P-188 improved (P < 0.05) left ventricular ejection fraction from 34% to 51%, which persisted over 38 hours and decreased (P < 0.05) LV end systolic diameter from 0.9 ± 0.07 to 0.6 ± 0.08 cm, in the rats with CHF. There was no statistical change in hemodynamics. Additionally, P-188 reduced (P < 0.05) circulating troponin levels 2 weeks after treatment.
Conclusions: Treatment with P-188 improves the LV function and partially reverses maladaptive LV remodeling in rats with moderate CHF after MI. These data introduce the idea of using a biological membrane sealant as a new approach to treating CHF after MI.