Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 11 (2), 93-9

Positive Mental Health: Is There a Cross-Cultural Definition?

Affiliations

Positive Mental Health: Is There a Cross-Cultural Definition?

George E Vaillant. World Psychiatry.

Abstract

SEVEN MODELS FOR CONCEPTUALIZING POSITIVE MENTAL HEALTH ARE REVIEWED: mental health as above normal, epitomized by a DSM-IV's Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) score of over 80; mental health as the presence of multiple human strengths rather than the absence of weaknesses; mental health conceptualized as maturity; mental health as the dominance of positive emotions; mental health as high socio-emotional intelligence; mental health as subjective well-being; mental health as resilience. Safeguards for the study of mental health are suggested, including the need to define mental health in terms that are culturally sensitive and inclusive, and the need to empirically and longitudinally validate criteria for mental health.

Keywords: Positive mental health; coping mechanisms; emotional intelligence; maturity; positive emotions; resilience; subjective well-being.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 17 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback