Categories of donation after cardiocirculatory death

Transplant Proc. 2012 Jun;44(5):1189-95. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2012.05.001.


The interest in donation after cardiocirculatory death (DCD) was renewed in the early 1990s, as a means to partially overcome the shortage of donations after brain death. In some European countries and in the United States, DCD has become an increasingly frequent procedure over the last decade. To improve the results of DCD transplantation, it is important to compare practices, experiences, and results of various teams involved in this field. It is therefore crucial to accurately define the different types of DCD. However, in the literature, various DCD terminologies and classifications have been used, rendering it difficult to compare reported experiences. The authors have presented herein an overview of the various DCD descriptions in the literature, and have proposed an adapted DCD classification to better define the DCD processes, seeking to provide a better tool to compare the results of published reports and to improve current practices. This modified classification may be modified in the future according to ongoing experiences in this field.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Death*
  • Guidelines as Topic
  • Humans
  • Organ Transplantation / classification*
  • Organ Transplantation / standards
  • Terminology as Topic*
  • Time Factors
  • Tissue Donors / classification*
  • Tissue Donors / supply & distribution
  • Tissue and Organ Procurement / classification*
  • Tissue and Organ Procurement / standards
  • Warm Ischemia / classification