Purpose: Based upon promising preclinical and phase 1 trial results, combined flavopiridol and cisplatin therapy was evaluated in patients with ovarian and primary peritoneal cancers.
Methods: A two cohort phase 2 trial of cisplatin (60 mg/m2 IV) immediately followed by flavopiridol (100 mg/m2 IV, 24 h infusion; 21 day cycles) was undertaken in patients with recurrent platin-sensitive or platin-resistant disease (progression>vs. ≤6 months following prior platin-based therapy). Measurable disease (RECIST)--or evaluable disease plus CA125>2X post-treatment nadir--and ECOG performance≤2 were required.
Results: Forty-five patients were enrolled between December 23, 2004 and February 25, 2010: 40 platin-resistant (Group 1), and 5 platin-sensitive (Group 2). In Group 1, the median number of treatment cycles was 3 (range 2-12). Only 10% of patients incurred grade 4 toxicities, but grade 3 toxicities were common (65%): neutropenia (17.5%); nausea (12.5%); vomiting, fatigue, thrombosis, anemia (10% each). Seven patients (17.5%) achieved a confirmed response (1 CR, 6 PR; median duration 118 days); ten additional patients (25%) attained maintained stable disease. Median time to progression was 4.3 months; overall survival was 16.1 months. Pilot translational studies assessed ascites flavopiridol level; surrogate marker studies were uninformative. In Group 2, although 4 of 5 patients responded (2 confirmed PRs with median time to progression, 10.8 months and median overall survival 20.6 months) the cohort was closed due to poor accrual.
Conclusions: The assessed flavopiridol and cisplatin regimen displayed clinical activity in platin resistant and sensitive ovarian/primary peritoneal cancers, meriting further study.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00083122.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.