Binge Eating and Weight-Related Quality of Life in Obese Adolescents

Nutrients. 2012 Mar;4(3):167-80. doi: 10.3390/nu4030167. Epub 2012 Mar 6.

Abstract

Limited data exist regarding the association between binge eating and quality of life (QOL) in obese adolescent girls and boys. We, therefore, studied binge eating and QOL in 158 obese (BMI ≥ 95th percentile) adolescents (14.5 ± 1.4 years, 68.0% female, 59% African-American) prior to weight-loss treatment. Youth completed an interview to assess binge eating and a questionnaire measure of QOL. Controlling for body composition, binge eating youth (n = 35), overall, reported poorer QOL in domains of health, mobility, and self-esteem compared to those without binge eating (ps < 0.05). Also, girls, overall, reported poorer QOL than boys in activities of daily-living, mobility, self-esteem, and social/interpersonal functioning (ps < 0.05). Girls with binge eating reported the greatest impairments in activities of daily living, mobility, self-esteem, social/interpersonal functioning, and work/school QOL (ps < 0.05). Among treatment-seeking obese adolescents, binge eating appears to be a marker of QOL impairment, especially among girls. Prospective and treatment designs are needed to explore the directional relationship between binge eating and QOL and their impact on weight outcomes.

Keywords: adolescent; binge eating; obesity; weight-related quality of life (WR-QOL).

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Adolescent
  • Binge-Eating Disorder / psychology*
  • Female
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Male
  • Obesity / psychology*
  • Quality of Life*
  • Risk Factors
  • Self Concept
  • Sex Factors
  • Social Behavior
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States