Childhood leukemia and its impact on graduation and having children: results from a national survey

Leuk Lymphoma. 2012 Dec;53(12):2419-22. doi: 10.3109/10428194.2012.688965.


To assess the level of graduation, the wish to have children and the course of pregnancy among former patients with childhood leukemia in comparison to the general German population and depending on gender, a nationwide survey was conducted in 2008. In total 63.6% (1476/2319) of the contacted survivors of childhood leukemia participated (mean age 25.7 years, range 19-43 years). Survivors graduated at higher levels of school compared to the general population, with 48.6% (female) versus 38.0% and 52.6% (male) versus 35.8% (p < 0.001). Also, 93.3% of female and 89.3% of male survivors indicated a similar general wish to have children compared to the general population. Survivors reported parenthood less frequently compared to the general population (p < 0.001). The course of pregnancy in survivors was characterized by fewer abortions (p < 0.001). Having leukemia in childhood and adolescence impairs the likelihood of becoming a parent but reduces neither the wish to have children nor the level of graduation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Achievement*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Chemoradiotherapy
  • Child
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Germany
  • Goals*
  • Humans
  • Leukemia / psychology*
  • Leukemia / therapy
  • Male
  • Parenting / psychology*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Survivors / statistics & numerical data
  • Young Adult