Purpose: We examined whether participation in a food box program has a positive effect on fruit and vegetable consumption and food security.
Methods: Participants and nonparticipants in a food box program were surveyed to determine differences between the two groups and change over time.
Results: Fruit and vegetable intake declined in those who left the program after several months, and intake of fruit, carrots, and vegetables was lower among those who had left than among those who remained in the program. Food insecurity was associated with lower intakes of fruit and vegetables.
Conclusions: Participation in a food box program can provide some benefit in terms of increased fruit and vegetable consumption for those who use the program regularly. Increasing the frequency of the box and encouraging continued use may improve these effects.