Designing in the social context: using the social contextual model of health behavior change to develop a tobacco control intervention for teachers in India

Health Educ Res. 2013 Feb;28(1):113-29. doi: 10.1093/her/cys060. Epub 2012 Jun 4.


This article provides a theory-based, step-by-step approach to intervention development and illustrates its application in India to design an intervention to promote tobacco-use cessation among school personnel in Bihar. We employed a five-step approach to develop the intervention using the Social Contextual Model of Health Behavior Change (SCM) in Bihar, which involved conducting formative research, classifying factors in the social environment as mediating mechanisms and modifying conditions, developing a creative brief, designing an intervention and refining the intervention based on pilot test results. The intervention engages users and non-users of tobacco, involves teachers in implementing and monitoring school tobacco control policies and maximizes teachers' role as change agents in schools and communities. Intervention components include health educator visits, discussions led by lead teachers, cessation assistance, posters and other educational materials and is implemented over the entire academic year. The intervention is being tested in Bihar government schools as part of a randomized-controlled trial. SCM was a useful framework for developing a tobacco control intervention that responded to teachers' lives in Bihar.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Faculty*
  • Female
  • Focus Groups
  • Health Promotion*
  • Humans
  • India
  • Male
  • Program Development / methods*
  • Risk Reduction Behavior*
  • Smoking Prevention*
  • Social Behavior*
  • Social Class