Polyphenol composition and antioxidant activity of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) seed extract under drought

J Food Sci. 2012 Jun;77(6):C734-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2012.02731.x.


This research evaluated the effect of drought on total and individual polyphenol contents as well as the antioxidant activities of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) seeds of 2 geographic origins, Tunisia (TCS) and India (ICS). Plants were treated with different levels of water deficit: control. Our results indicated that, in both varieties, moderate water deficit (MWD) improved the number of umbels per plant as well as the number of umbellets per umbel and the seed yield, in comparison to the control, but it decreased under severe water deficit (SWD). Besides, total phenolic contents were higher in the treated seeds and drought increased the level of total and individual polyphenols. This increase was appreciably more important in TCS than in ICS. Moreover, antioxidant activities of the extracts were determined by 4 different test systems, namely 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, β-carotene/linoleic acid chelating, and reducing power assays, and showed that treated seeds exhibited the highest activity, for both TCS and ICS.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants / analysis*
  • Antioxidants / chemistry
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Chromatography, Reverse-Phase
  • Cinnamates / analysis
  • Cinnamates / chemistry
  • Cuminum / chemistry*
  • Cuminum / growth & development*
  • Droughts*
  • Flavonoids / analysis
  • Flavonoids / chemistry
  • India
  • Inflorescence / growth & development
  • Iron Chelating Agents / analysis
  • Iron Chelating Agents / chemistry
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Phenols / analysis
  • Phenols / chemistry
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry*
  • Polyphenols / analysis
  • Polyphenols / chemistry
  • Seeds / chemistry*
  • Seeds / growth & development*
  • Tunisia


  • Antioxidants
  • Cinnamates
  • Flavonoids
  • Iron Chelating Agents
  • Phenols
  • Plant Extracts
  • Polyphenols