Central nervous system damage and other anomalies in surviving fetus following second trimester antenatal death of co-twin. Report of four cases and literature review

Prenat Diagn. 1990 Aug;10(8):513-8. doi: 10.1002/pd.1970100806.


Four cases of multiple gestation with second trimester death of one fetus and subsequent damage to a survivor are reported. Monochorionic placentation was documented in three of the cases. Central nervous system lesions occurred in all cases, and bowel injury was noted in two of the damaged fetuses. Although rare maternal clotting problems have been reported in similar situations, none was noted in any of these four cases. Prior reports have indicated that losses in the first half of gestation were of no consequence to the surviving fetuses. These four cases contradict this suggestion, and indicate that close sonographic observation of the survivors is important in any multiple gestation where on fetus has died.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / diagnostic imaging
  • Abnormalities, Multiple / etiology
  • Adult
  • Brain Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Brain Diseases / etiology*
  • Female
  • Fetal Death*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Placenta / anatomy & histology
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy, Multiple*
  • Twins
  • Ultrasonography