Background: Accurate information is currently lacking regarding the values of positive margins (M(+)) and lymph node (LN) metastases as independent predictors of postoperative recurrence in invasive and noninvasive intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) of the pancreas.
Methods: A comprehensive online literature search identified all types of primary studies that included M(+) and LN metastases as risk factors and deﬁned recurrence as an outcome in patients with IPMNs. Suitable articles were also identified by manually researching references in qualifying articles. A meta-analysis of the result was performed using a random effects model.
Results: The recurrence rate in noninvasive IPMNs was 3.72% in patients with negative margin (M(-)) versus 9.56% in those with M(+) (odds ratio, OR = 0.37, 95% conﬁdence interval, 95% CI: 0.17-0.78, p = 0.010). The recurrence rate in invasive M(-) IPMNs in was 33.85% compared to 53.66% in M(+) IPMNs (OR = 0.47, 95% CI: 0.25-0.88, p = 0.020). The recurrence rate in invasive IPMNs with positive LN was 76.92% compared to 30.86% with negative LN; OR = 0.15, 95% CI: 0.06-0.37, p < 0.0001).
Conclusions: M(+) were associated with disease recurrence in all patients with IPMN, and nodal metastases were significantly associated with recurrence in invasive IPMN.
Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.