Weighted patterns as a tool for improving the Hopfield model

Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2012 Apr;85(4 Pt 1):041925. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.85.041925. Epub 2012 Apr 30.


We generalize the standard Hopfield model to the case when a weight is assigned to each input pattern. The weight can be interpreted as the frequency of the pattern occurrence at the input of the network. In the framework of the statistical physics approach we obtain the saddle-point equation allowing us to examine the memory of the network. In the case of unequal weights our model does not lead to the catastrophic destruction of the memory due to its overfilling (that is typical for the standard Hopfield model). The real memory consists only of the patterns with weights exceeding a critical value that is determined by the weights distribution. We obtain the algorithm allowing us to find this critical value for an arbitrary distribution of the weights, and analyze in detail some particular weights distributions. It is shown that the memory decreases as compared to the case of the standard Hopfield model. However, in our model the network can learn online without the catastrophic destruction of the memory.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms*
  • Computer Simulation
  • Models, Statistical*
  • Neural Networks, Computer*
  • Pattern Recognition, Automated / methods*