Acoustic analogue of graphene: observation of Dirac cones in acoustic surface waves

Phys Rev Lett. 2012 Apr 27;108(17):174301. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.174301. Epub 2012 Apr 27.


We demonstrate the presence of Dirac cones in the dispersion relation of acoustic waves propagating on the surface of a plate of methyl methacrylate containing a honeycomb lattice of cylindrical boreholes. This structure represents the acoustic analogue of graphene, the cylindrical cavities playing the role of carbon atoms while acoustic surface waves are the equivalent of electronic waves in graphene. Analytical expressions for the Dirac frequency and Dirac velocity in acoustics are given as a function of the radius and depth of boreholes. These parameters have been experimentally determined for a constructed structure and the data are in fairly good agreement with the predicted values.