Ophthalmologic findings in Aicardi syndrome

J AAPOS. 2012 Jun;16(3):238-41. doi: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2012.01.008.


Background: Aicardi syndrome is a rare X-linked disorder that has been characterized classically by agenesis of the corpus callosum, seizures, and the finding of chorioretinal lacunae. This triad has been augmented more recently by central nervous system and ocular findings. The goal of this study was to determine how frequently other ophthalmologic findings are associated with Aicardi syndrome.

Methods: A single ophthalmologist recorded the ocular and adnexal findings of 40 girls with this disorder at the annual meeting of an Aicardi syndrome family support group. For each subject, the examiner performed facial anthropometrics, portable biomicroscopy, and, where feasible, indirect ophthalmoscopy.

Results: The most common findings were chorioretinal lacunae in 66 (88%) of 75 eyes and optic nerve abnormalities in 61 (81%) of 75 eyes. Other less common findings included persistent pupillary membrane in 4 (5%) of 79 eyes and anterior synechiae in 1 of 79 eyes (1%).

Conclusions: Although the ophthalmic hallmark and defining feature of Aicardi syndrome is the cluster of distinctive chorioretinal lacunae surrounding the optic nerve(s), the spectrum of ocular, papillary, and retinal anomalies varies widely, from nearly normal to dysplasia of the optic nerve and to severe microphthalmos.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aicardi Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Eye Abnormalities / diagnosis*
  • Eye Abnormalities / genetics
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Optic Nerve Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Optic Nerve Diseases / genetics
  • Pupil Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Retinal Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Retinal Diseases / genetics