A novel gold nanoarray (NA)-based platform was developed for microarray applications. This novel approach is based upon the principle of nanosphere lithography and can be used for one-step antibody immobilization. The developed platform was checked by functionalizing with cysteine followed by capturing biotinylated antibody and detecting it with dye-conjugated steptravidin. An immunoassay was performed with spiked samples containing human fetuin A antigen. The minimum limits of detection (LOD) of human fetuin A for NA-based and conventional microarray platforms were 50 pg/mL and 50 ng/mL, respectively. The developed approach was highly reproducible and unlike conventional microarray approaches the use of a spotting system was omitted because immobilization was controlled and directed on the predefined arrays. This approach could be an ideal alternative for developing microarrays. And, the ease of the strategy also allows the high throughput production of the microarrays.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.