Three-dimensional structure of a schistosome serpin revealing an unusual configuration of the helical subdomain

Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2012 Jun;68(Pt 6):686-94. doi: 10.1107/S0907444912008372. Epub 2012 May 17.

Abstract

Parasitic organisms are constantly challenged by the defence mechanisms of their respective hosts, which often depend on serine protease activities. Consequently, protease inhibitors such as those belonging to the serpin superfamily have emerged as protective elements that support the survival of the parasites. This report describes the crystal structure of ShSPI, a serpin from the trematode Schistosoma haematobium. The protein is exposed on the surface of invading cercaria as well as of adult worms, suggesting its involvement in the parasite-host interaction. While generally conforming to the well established serpin fold, the structure reveals several distinctive features, mostly concerning the helical subdomain of the protein. It is proposed that these peculiarities are related to the unique biological properties of a small serpin subfamily which is conserved among pathogenic schistosomes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Schistosoma haematobium / chemistry*
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Serpins / chemistry*
  • Structural Homology, Protein

Substances

  • Serpins