Aim: The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to test the efficacy of an educational intervention on renal recipient's knowledge, compliance, self-efficacy, and quality of life.
Methods: In total, 159 renal recipients were randomized to the intervention (N = 77) or control group (N = 82). A total of 139 participants reached second measure point (7-8 wk post-Tx), and 120 participants reached third measure point (six months post-Tx). The intervention consisted of five tailored one-to-one sessions. Primary outcome was measured by a knowledge questionnaire. Secondary outcomes were measured by "The General- Self-efficacy Scale," SF-12 and by number of patient observations (Compliance).
Results: Significantly higher levels of knowledge were found in the experimental group compared with the control group at both measure points (p = 0.002 and p = 0.004). Compliance was significantly higher in the experimental group at second measure point (p = 0.000). At third measure point, the experimental group reported significantly better scores on self-efficacy (p = 0.036) and mental score of quality of life (p = 0.001).
Conclusions: This structured, tailored educational intervention, applied in a 7-8 wk post-transplant period, increased renal recipients' levels of knowledge on both short and long terms. Furthermore, the intervention was beneficial for patients' compliance, self-efficacy, and mental quality of life.
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.