Displacement in urban areas: new challenges, new partnerships

Disasters. 2012 Jul;36 Suppl 1:S23-42. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-7717.2012.01284.x.

Abstract

Rapid urbanisation is a key characteristic of the modern world, interacting with and reinforcing other global mega trends, including armed conflict, climate change, crime, environmental degradation, financial and economic instability, food shortages, underemployment, volatile commodity prices, and weak governance. Displaced people also are affected by and engaged in the process of urbanisation. Increasingly, refugees, returnees, and internally displaced persons (IDPs) are to be found not in camps or among host communities in rural areas, but in the towns and cities of developing and middle-income countries. The arrival and long-term settlement of displaced populations in urban areas needs to be better anticipated, understood, and planned for, with a particular emphasis on the establishment of new partnerships. Humanitarian actors can no longer liaise only with national governments; they must also develop urgently closer working relationships with mayors and municipal authorities, service providers, urban police forces, and, most importantly, the representatives of both displaced and resident communities. This requires linking up with those development actors that have established such partnerships already.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Disasters
  • Emigration and Immigration*
  • Ethnic Groups
  • Female
  • Global Health
  • Health Services Needs and Demand / statistics & numerical data*
  • Health Status Disparities*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nutritional Status
  • Refugees / statistics & numerical data*
  • Relief Work
  • Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • United Nations
  • Urban Health Services
  • Urban Population / statistics & numerical data*