Objectives: Vascular invasion (VI) is the most important factor in assessing operability for pancreatic cancer. The accuracy of preoperative vascular staging with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was examined using meta-analysis.
Methods: Published articles in pancreatic cancer comparing diagnostic accuracy of CT with MRI for VI confirmed on histology were searched from MEDLINE, EMBASE and ISI Web of Science databases. Pooled sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratio, summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curve and area under curve (AUC) were analysed by SPSS 13.0 and Revmen 5.1.
Results: Eight studies (n = 296) met the inclusion criteria. The pooled sensitivity of CT and MRI in diagnosing VI was 71% (95% CI, 64-78) and 67% (95% CI, 59-74), pooled specificity 92% (95% CI, 89-95) and 94% (95% CI, 91-96), positive likelihood ratio 6.33 (95% CI, 4.51-8.87) and 6.58 (95% CI, 4.62-9.37), negative likelihood ratio 0.34 (95% CI, 0.27-0.43) and 0.38 (95% CI, 0.30-0.47), and AUCs 0.87 and 0.76 (p = 0.63), respectively. There was no significant difference between CT and MRI for preoperative diagnosis of VI. Subgroup analysis of 4 studies (n = 143) showed no significant difference between CT and MRI in preoperative diagnosis of venous or arterial invasion (p = 0.73 and p = 0.81, respectively). When CT was compared with MRA in 3 studies (n = 110), again there was no significant difference for preoperative staging of VI (p = 0.54).
Conclusions: Both CT and MRI are underreporting vascular invasion preoperatively in pancreatic cancer. MRA does not add any additional information on vascular staging when compared with CT and MRI.
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