Validation of a method for the analysis of biogenic amines: histamine instability during wine sample storage

Anal Chim Acta. 2012 Jun 30:732:114-9. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2011.12.036. Epub 2011 Dec 27.


This paper reports on the development of an optimized method for the simultaneous analysis of eight biogenic amines (histamine, methylamine, ethylamine, tyramine, putrescine, cadaverine, phenethylamine, and isoamylamine). The analytical method thus proposed has the following advantages: the easy derivatization of wine, the quantification of biogenic amines and a complete degradation of excess derivatization reagent during sample preparation in order to preserve the column. It consists in reversed phase separation by HPLC and UV-vis detection of the aminoenones formed by the reaction of amino compounds with the derivatization reagent diethyl ethoxymethylenemalonate (DEEMM). The usefulness of this technique was confirmed by an alternative oenological analytical method for the validation, quality control and uncertainty assessment (OIV Oeno 10/2005). The method was validated and proposed as a reference method to the International Organization of Vine and Wine (OIV). As a specific application of the proposed method, the biogenic amine content of Rhône valley wines was investigated.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Biogenic Amines / analysis*
  • Biogenic Amines / standards
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid* / standards
  • Histamine / analysis*
  • Histamine / standards
  • Malonates / chemistry
  • Quality Control
  • Temperature
  • Time Factors
  • Wine / analysis*


  • Biogenic Amines
  • Malonates
  • diethyl (ethoxymethylene)malonate
  • Histamine