The purpose of this study was to assess the outcomes of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction using the Ligament Augmentation and Reconstruction System (LARS) (JK Orthomedic Ltd, Dollard-des-Ormeaux, Quebec, Canada) artificial ligament. Compared with older artificial ligaments, the LARS, which has been used in Europe for 15 years, is more resistant to wear and tear, has satisfactory torsional fatigue resistance, and has good biocompatibility. The current is study included 38 double-bundle PCL reconstructions using the LARS artificial ligament in 38 patients. Mean patient age was 32.6 years, and mean time from injury to surgery was 6 months. Mean follow-up was 37 months (range, 30-68 months). The study endpoint was 2-year follow-up. Mean Tegner score improved from 3.4 ± 0.6 preoperatively to 6.0 ± 1.4 postoperatively (P<.001), and mean Lysholm score improved from 70.0 ± 11.0 pre-operatively to 91.7 ± 5.5 postoperatively (P<.001). Knee laxity decreased significantly postoperatively (P<.001), and no differences existed at 1- and 2-year follow-up. After surgery using the Y-type LARS artificial ligament, knee function and stability improved. Using the LARS artificial ligament for double-bundle reconstruction of the PCL avoids donor-site morbidity and disease transmission. The complication rate is low, and the results appear to be stable with time and comparable with those obtained with other grafts. Double-bundle PCL reconstruction with the LARS artificial ligament may be an alternative treatment option.
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