The complement (C) dependency of IgG-mediated enhancement of the antibody response was investigated by immunizing mice with trinitrophenyl-coupled keyhole limpet hemocyanin (TNP-KLH) and either a C-activating TNP-specific monoclonal IgG2a antibody (Hy-1.2) or a mutant, non-C-activating variant of Hy-1.2 (M12). Hy-1.2 as well as M12 efficiently enhanced the anti-KLH response, although Hy-1.2 was more active. In addition, also a naturally non-C-activating TNP-specific IgG1 antibody enhanced the response to TNP-coupled bovine serum albumin. Moreover, C-activating IgG could enhance the antibody response in mice depleted of C3 by treatment with cobra venom factor. These findings suggest that the classical pathway of C activation is not required for IgG-mediated enhancement.