Deficits in reciprocal inhibition of children with cerebral palsy as revealed by H reflex testing

Dev Med Child Neurol. 1990 Nov;32(11):974-84. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.1990.tb08120.x.


Experiments were performed to determine whether spinal and supraspinal components of reciprocal inhibition (a neural mechanism responsible for the prevention of muscular co-ordination during voluntary movement) were present in groups of non-disabled children and children with cerebral palsy. Changes in the gastrocnemius-soleus H reflex were examined during voluntary dorsiflexion and plantarflexion of the ankle and during a vibration applied to the anterior tibial tendon. The results indicate that children with cerebral palsy have impairments in reciprocal inhibition, both before and during voluntary movement. These deficits, which involve damage to supraspinal centres, contribute to their inability to perform smooth, co-ordinated movements.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Cerebral Palsy / physiopathology*
  • Child
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Female
  • H-Reflex / physiology*
  • Hemiplegia / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Muscle Contraction / physiology
  • Muscles / innervation
  • Neural Inhibition / physiology*
  • Reaction Time / physiology
  • Tibial Nerve / physiopathology