A systematic review of education for the prevention of HIV/AIDS among older adults

J Evid Based Soc Work. 2012;9(3):213-30. doi: 10.1080/15433714.2010.494979.


Through a comprehensive literature search, the authors of this systematic review identified 21 articles focused on primary prevention of HIV/AIDS for adults aged 50 and over. Three major challenges to providing HIV/AIDS education for older adults include health professionals' ageism, older adults' reluctance to discuss sexuality, and their misconception of their HIV risk. Clinical guidelines for social workers, nurses, and physicians identified the importance of sharing information and assessing risk, considering cultural diversity, and devising creative delivery strategies. Three models of HIV/AIDS education include group education programs delivered by social workers or other health professionals, peer education models, and one-on-one early intervention models including HIV/AIDS testing. Additional outreach and research on HIV/AIDS prevention among older adults is needed.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / prevention & control
  • Aged
  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Cultural Competency
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Health Education / organization & administration*
  • Health Personnel / organization & administration*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Peer Group
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Prejudice
  • Primary Prevention / organization & administration*
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Social Work / organization & administration*