Genome-wide association studies of asthma indicate opposite immunopathogenesis direction from autoimmune diseases

J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2012 Oct;130(4):861-8.e7. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2012.04.041. Epub 2012 Jun 12.

Abstract

Background: Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of asthma have consistently implicated the ORM1-like 3 and gasdermin B (ORMDL3-GSDMB), IL33, IL-1 receptor-like 1 and IL-18 receptor 1 (IL1RL1-IL18R1), RAD50-IL13, thymic stromal lymphopoietin and WD repeat domain 36 region (TSLP-WDR36), and HLA-DR/DQ regions.

Objective: A GWAS of asthma was performed in a non-Hispanic white population.

Methods: A GWAS was performed in 813 Severe Asthma Research Program/Collaborative Studies on the Genetics of Asthma/Chicago Asthma Genetics Study cases and 1564 control subjects. The GWAS results were compared with those of the published GWASs of autoimmune diseases.

Results: Multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms in the TNFAIP3 interacting protein 1 (TNIP1) gene, which interacts with TNFAIP3 and inhibits the TNF-α-induced nuclear factor κB inflammation pathway, were associated with asthma: rs1422673 (P = 3.44 × 10(-7)) and rs10036748 (P = 1.41 × 10(-6), r(2) = 0.67). rs1422673 was also associated with asthma in the published GABRIEL (P = .018) and EVE (P = 1.31 × 10(-5)) studies. The minor allele T of rs20541 in IL13 is the risk allele for asthma but the protective allele for psoriasis. The minor allele T of rs2395185 in HLA-DRA is the risk allele for asthma but the protective allele for ulcerative colitis. The minor allele A of rs2872507 in GSDMB is the protective allele for asthma but the risk allele for rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn disease, and ulcerative colitis. The T allele of rs10036748 in the TNIP1 gene is the minor protective allele for asthma but the minor or major risk allele for systemic lupus erythematosus and systemic sclerosis in non-Hispanic white or Chinese subjects, respectively.

Conclusions: Our study suggests that single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with both asthma and autoimmune diseases might have opposite effects on immunopathogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Asthma / etiology*
  • Asthma / genetics
  • Asthma / immunology
  • Autoimmune Diseases / etiology*
  • Autoimmune Diseases / genetics
  • Autoimmune Diseases / immunology
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • Genome-Wide Association Study*
  • Humans
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*

Substances

  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • TNIP1 protein, human

Grant support