Use of a rapid visual screening tool for the assessment of concussion in amateur rugby league: a pilot study

J Neurol Sci. 2012 Sep 15;320(1-2):16-21. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2012.05.049. Epub 2012 Jun 12.


Aim: This study undertook to use the K-D sideline test with the SCAT2 to see if concussions could be identified in amateur rugby league players over a representative competition period.

Method: A prospective cohort study was conducted on two teams participating in an amateur rugby league. All players were tested for signs of concussion utilising the K-D test and players with longer times than their baseline scores undertook a further concussion assessment with the SCAT2.

Results: Five athletes with suspected concussion were evaluated by K-D testing. Three concussions were associated with witnessed events during the matches and two athletes were identified by the team medic as having longer K-D time scores incidentally post-match compared to baseline. Post-match K-D scores for all concussed athletes were worse than baseline for those with reported or witnessed concussion events (7s; 5.0-7.1; p=0.025) and for those identified incidentally (>5s; 8.9-9.1s). Both groups also reported more symptoms on the PCSS (a part of the SCAT2) post-match.

Discussion: In this rugby cohort, the K-D test was not only useful in identifying changes in players with witnessed head trauma, but in identifying changes in players with an un-witnessed suspected concussion.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brain Concussion / diagnosis*
  • Football / injuries*
  • Humans
  • Neuropsychological Tests / statistics & numerical data*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prospective Studies
  • Symptom Assessment / methods*
  • Symptom Assessment / statistics & numerical data
  • Vision Tests / methods
  • Vision Tests / statistics & numerical data*