Enzymatic Oxygen Scavenging for Photostability Without pH Drop in Single-Molecule Experiments

ACS Nano. 2012 Jul 24;6(7):6364-9. doi: 10.1021/nn301895c. Epub 2012 Jun 22.

Abstract

Over the past years, bottom-up bionanotechnology has been developed as a promising tool for future technological applications. Many of these biomolecule-based assemblies are characterized using various single-molecule techniques that require strict anaerobic conditions. The most common oxygen scavengers for single-molecule experiments are glucose oxidase and catalase (GOC) or protocatechuate dioxygenase (PCD). One of the pitfalls of these systems, however, is the production of carboxylic acids. These acids can result in a significant pH drop over the course of experiments and must thus be compensated by an increased buffer strength. Here, we present pyranose oxidase and catalase (POC) as a novel enzymatic system to perform single-molecule experiments in pH-stable conditions at arbitrary buffer strength. We show that POC keeps the pH stable over hours, while GOC and PCD cause an increasing acidity of the buffer system. We further verify in single-molecule fluorescence experiments that POC performs as good as the common oxygen-scavenging systems, but offers long-term pH stability and more freedom in buffer conditions. This enhanced stability allows the observation of bionanotechnological assemblies in aqueous environments under well-defined conditions for an extended time.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Carbohydrate Dehydrogenases / chemistry
  • Catalase / chemistry
  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Free Radical Scavengers / chemistry*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Nanotechnology
  • Oxygen / chemistry*
  • Oxygen / isolation & purification
  • Photobleaching
  • Photochemical Processes
  • Protocatechuate-3,4-Dioxygenase / chemistry
  • Spectrometry, Fluorescence

Substances

  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Carbohydrate Dehydrogenases
  • pyranose oxidase
  • Catalase
  • Protocatechuate-3,4-Dioxygenase
  • Oxygen