Background: An association between severe reactive airway disease (RAD) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in children has been previously noted, but the relationship has not been well characterized. This study reports our experience with laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication and its effect on the pulmonary status of children with severe steroid-dependent RAD.
Methods: Between January 1993 and June 2011, 235 patients with severe steroid-dependent RAD and medically refractory GERD underwent laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Clinical response, ability to wean oral and inhaled steroids, and changes in pulmonary function testing were tracked during the postoperative period.
Results: Of 235 patients, 215 (91%) noted significant subjective improvement in their respiratory symptoms by the first postoperative visit at 2 weeks. Eighty percent was successfully weaned off their oral steroids within the first 2 postoperative months. Ninety-five percent reported a decrease in their inhaler use. Twenty-four percent of patients studied had a documented increase in their forced expiratory volume in the initial postoperative period. There were no intraoperative complications and no postoperative respiratory tract infections.
Conclusion: Children with steroid-dependent RAD and documented GERD refractory to medical management show improvement in their respiratory status after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Many can be weaned off of their oral and inhaled steroids postoperatively.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.