Transcatheter aortic valve implantation: a Canadian Cardiovascular Society position statement

Can J Cardiol. Sep-Oct 2012;28(5):520-8. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2012.04.015. Epub 2012 Jun 15.

Abstract

Patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis have a poor prognosis with medical management alone, and balloon aortic valvuloplasty has failed to provide durable clinical benefit. Open surgical replacement of the aortic valve can improve symptoms and survival. Recently, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been demonstrated to improve survival, quality of life, and functional status in nonoperable patients and to be a viable option for patients in whom the risk of open surgical morbidity or mortality is high. This Canadian Cardiovascular Society position statement represents the consensus of a representative group of cardiologists and cardiac surgeons as to the current, but evolving, role of this less-invasive new therapy. Specific recommendations are provided for selection of patients for TAVI vs surgical aortic valve replacement for native valves and for bioprostheses, approaches to patient evaluation for TAVI, appropriate constitution of multidisciplinary teams involved in performing TAVI, essential facilities that are needed to perform TAVI safely and effectively, and training/qualifications for TAVI operators. Cost considerations, complication rates, and the quality of the available evidence are also discussed. It is hoped that this consensus document will prove to be a useful resource for health professionals, institutions, departments, and decision-making bodies dealing with this important and rapidly evolving therapy.

Publication types

  • Consensus Development Conference
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / mortality
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / therapy*
  • Canada
  • Cardiac Catheterization / methods
  • Echocardiography, Doppler
  • Female
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation / methods
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation / mortality
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation / standards*
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic / standards*
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Assessment
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Sex Factors
  • Societies, Medical / standards
  • Survival Analysis
  • Treatment Outcome