Carnitine, nutritional supplementation and discontinuation of ketogenic diet therapies

Epilepsy Res. 2012 Jul;100(3):267-71. doi: 10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2012.04.021. Epub 2012 Jun 15.


Nutritional adequacy of a prescribed diet is integral to clinical implementation of the ketogenic diet therapies in intractable epilepsy. This review discusses the evidence for using additional carnitine and the importance of full micronutrient supplementation. The optimal duration of a diet therapy is also discussed, drawing on results of an internationally applied questionnaire.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carnitine / therapeutic use*
  • Diet, Ketogenic*
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Epilepsy / diet therapy*
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Humans
  • Micronutrients / therapeutic use*


  • Micronutrients
  • Carnitine