Dissolution rate enhancement of piroxicam by ordered mixing

Pak J Pharm Sci. 2012 Jul;25(3):521-33.


Micronized piroxicam was mixed with lactose, mannitol, sorbitol, maltitol and sodium chloride to produce ordered mixture in a glass vial by manual hand shaking method. The effect of excipients, surfactant, superdisintegrant, drug concentration and carrier particle size on dissolution rate was investigated. Dissolution rate studies of the prepared ordered mixtures revealed that all water soluble excipients increased the dissolution rate of piroxicam when compared to the dissolution rate of piroxicam or its suspension. Ordered mixture formulation PLF4, consisting of lactose as water soluble excipient, SSG (8% w/s) and SLS (1% w/w), released piroxcam at a very fast rate so much so that about 90% of the composition had passed into solution within 2 min. The order of the dissolution rate enhancement for ordered mixtures of various water soluble excipients was: lactose > mannitol > maltitol > sorbitol > sodium chloride. Carrier granules of size 355-710 µm were most effective in increasing the dissolution rate of drug from ordered mixtures. Decreasing the carrier particle size reduced drug dissolution from ordered mixtures. The dissolution rate of ordered mixtures consisting of 1-5% w/w piroxicam was superior to dissolution rate of piroxicam suspension. The dissolution data fitting and the resulting regression parameters indicated Hixson Crowell, cube root law, as the best fit to drug release data of ordered mixtures.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / chemistry*
  • Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
  • Drug Carriers
  • Excipients / chemistry
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Particle Size
  • Piroxicam / chemistry*
  • Solubility


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Drug Carriers
  • Excipients
  • Piroxicam