Changes in circulating biomarkers during a single hemodialysis session

Hemodial Int. 2013 Jan;17(1):59-66. doi: 10.1111/j.1542-4758.2012.00720.x. Epub 2012 Jun 20.


The hemodialysis (HD) procedure induces an inflammatory response potentially contributing to cardiovascular disease. Here we investigated the acute impact of HD on circulating biomarkers. Circulating biomarkers (small solutes, middle molecular-sized peptides, and proteins) related to inflammation, oxidative stress, and vascular calcification (VC) were measured before and after a single session of HD in 45 clinically stable patients. Concentrations were corrected for ultrafiltration-induced hemoconcentration. Among vascular calcification-related biomarkers, osteoprotegerin and fetuin-A remained unchanged while fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) decreased by -19%. Changes of FGF23 and changes of phosphate correlated (ρ = 0.61, P < 0.001). While C-reactive protein did not change, interleukin-6 (IL-6) increased by 14% and pentraxin 3 (PTX3) increased by 45%. IL-6 and PTX3 appear to be valid biomarkers of the intradialytic inflammatory response. VC-related markers were in general not affected by the single HD session; however, the observed correlation between acute changes of FGF-23 and phosphate during HD warrants further studies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • C-Reactive Protein / metabolism*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / blood
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / blood
  • Inflammation Mediators / blood
  • Interleukin-6 / blood*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Renal Dialysis / methods*
  • Serum Amyloid P-Component / metabolism*


  • Biomarkers
  • Inflammation Mediators
  • Interleukin-6
  • Serum Amyloid P-Component
  • PTX3 protein
  • C-Reactive Protein