Associative learning: Pavlovian conditioning without awareness

Curr Biol. 2012 Jun 19;22(12):R495-6. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2012.04.042.


Can Pavlovian conditioning occur outside of awareness? Yes, according to a new study showing that, under a particular set of circumstances, visual stimuli can become associated with aversive outcomes without participants ever seeing the stimuli.

Publication types

  • Comment

MeSH terms

  • Fear / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Learning / physiology*
  • Male
  • Memory / physiology*
  • Unconscious, Psychology*