Self-reported health and influence on life situation 5-8 years after paediatric traumatic brain injury

Brain Inj. 2012;26(12):1405-14. doi: 10.3109/02699052.2012.694559. Epub 2012 Jun 21.


Primary objective: During childhood, the central nervous system is in a state of rapid development which can be interrupted by a traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study aimed to describe if and how TBI during childhood influences health and life situation, 5-8 years later.

Research design: A case-control retrospective design was employed for the assessment of 61 adolescents and young adults with a mild, moderate or severe TBI and 229 matched controls from a normative group (16-24 years).

Methods and procedures: SF-36 (Short Form 36 health survey) and a self-reported questionnaire measuring life situation were distributed to youths suffering TBI 5-8 years ago. Forty-five youths (74%) completed the questionnaires.

Main outcomes and results: Participants with a TBI stated lower self-estimated health compared with the normative group. Remaining self-reported symptoms were physical and cognitive. Negative effects of TBI influencing school results, leisure activities and thoughts about future life situation were also described.

Conclusion: Young individuals experience sustained negative effects of childhood TBI on health and life situation. More research is necessary to detect, understand and properly support these youths.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Brain Injuries / epidemiology*
  • Brain Injuries / physiopathology
  • Brain Injuries / rehabilitation*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cognition Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Cognition Disorders / physiopathology
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Health Services Needs and Demand
  • Humans
  • Learning Disabilities / epidemiology*
  • Learning Disabilities / physiopathology
  • Leisure Activities
  • Male
  • Quality of Life*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Self Report*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sweden / epidemiology
  • Time Factors
  • Young Adult