Creating an effective physical activity-based health promotion programme for adults with a brain injury

Brain Inj. 2012;26(12):1482-92. doi: 10.3109/02699052.2012.694568. Epub 2012 Jun 21.


Primary objective: To describe the processes involved with developing and implementing a physical activity-based health promotion programme for people with a brain injury, summarize previous health promotion research efforts and provide an actual example of a programme entitled P.A.C.E, a 'Physical Activity Centred Education' programme. REASONING BEHIND LITERATURE SELECTION: Brain injury is a serious public health issue due to the incidence, complexity and high healthcare costs. Health promotion programmes that incorporate physical activity have been shown to improve the health of people with a disability. However, if programmes are to be successful they have to be appropriately designed, otherwise individuals will not adopt and maintain the desired health behaviours.

Main outcomes and results: Readers will have an understanding of (1) how a theoretical framework drives programme development, (2) the strategies required to facilitate behaviour change, (3) how previous research supports the use of a physical activity-based health promotion programme and (4) how to implement a programme.

Conclusions: Future research ideas are provided so as to stimulate research in the area of physical activity-based health promotion programmes for people with a brain injury.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Brain Injuries / epidemiology
  • Brain Injuries / physiopathology
  • Brain Injuries / rehabilitation*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Comorbidity
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Disabled Persons
  • Female
  • Health Behavior*
  • Health Promotion* / economics
  • Health Promotion* / trends
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motor Activity*
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Program Development*
  • Stroke / epidemiology
  • Stroke / physiopathology
  • Stroke Rehabilitation*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Trauma Severity Indices
  • United States / epidemiology