Background: Assays used for discovery of biomarkers should be robust and high-throughput, capable of analyzing a sufficiently large number of samples over a sufficiently long period of time with good precision.
Methods: We evaluated the analytical performance of the Bio-Plex Pro™ Human Cancer Biomarker Panel 1, a 16-plex multiplex immunoassay, in serum for composite profiling of angiogenic factors. Because prostate cancer progression and metastasis are pathological events closely linked to angiogenesis, serum angiogenic factors are ideal candidates as prognostic biomarkers.
Results: Our 5-day evaluation indicated that all 16 assays in the panel had good reproducibility (total precisions over 5 independent plates in 5 days of <20%), adequate sensitivity (LOQs of majority of the assays less than 100 pg/ml), and wide dynamic ranges (linearity of majority of the assays spanning across 3 logs in concentrations).
Conclusions: Applying the panel to sera from prostate cancer patients with Gleason scores of 6, 7, 8-10, tumor stages that correlated with clinical outcome, we identified that the levels of sTIE-2, a soluble form of the transmembrane tyrosine kinase receptor for angiopoietins, were increased in patients with Gleason score of 8-10. Future studies are necessary to determine whether sTIE-2 could be used as a prognostic biomarker for identifying aggressive prostate cancer.
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