Airway stenting with the LT-Mold™ for severe glotto-subglottic stenosis or intractable aspiration: experience in 65 cases

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2012 Dec;269(12):2531-8. doi: 10.1007/s00405-012-2080-x. Epub 2012 Jun 22.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of stenting in upper airway reconstructions for benign laryngotracheal stenosis (LTS) with a newly designed prosthesis, the LT-Mold™. The LT-Mold and its proper use during open surgery and endoscopy are described, and the experience gathered from a prospectively collected database on 65 patients treated for complex LTS or severe aspiration is reported. This series is compared to the results of other stenting methods. All patients were available for evaluation. In all but one case, the prosthesis was removed at the end of the study. The new prosthesis did not induce any stent-related trauma to the supraglottis, glottis and subglottis. Before adding a distal round-shaped silicone cap to the LT-Mold, granulation tissue was usually seen at the stent-mucosal interface at the tracheostoma level. In 14 cases, there has been a spontaneous extrusion of the prosthesis through the mouth; this problem was solved by fixing the prosthesis through the reinforced portion of the prosthesis at the cap level and by adding one fixation stitch in the supraglottis. We have to document the loss of the silicone cap in three cases. This problem was resolved by designing a new prototype with an integrated cap, glued with a slow hardening silicone glue. Fifty-four (83 %) of 65 patients were decannulated after a mean duration of stenting of 3 months (range 1-12 months). The mean follow-up after decannulation was 23 months (range 1 month to 10 years). The experience gathered with the LT-Mold shows that long-term stenting for complex LTS is safely achieved when the prosthesis is used with its distal integrated silicone cap. The softness and smoothness of the prosthesis with a round-shaped configuration of both extremities help avoid ulceration and granulation tissue formation in the reconstructed airway. Adequate fixation is mandatory to avoid extrusion.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Equipment Design
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Laryngostenosis / complications
  • Laryngostenosis / surgery*
  • Larynx / surgery
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures / instrumentation
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures / instrumentation
  • Prospective Studies
  • Respiratory Aspiration / surgery*
  • Stents*
  • Trachea / surgery
  • Tracheal Stenosis / complications
  • Tracheal Stenosis / surgery*
  • Treatment Outcome