Recombinant antibodies and in vitro selection technologies

Methods Mol Biol. 2012:901:11-32. doi: 10.1007/978-1-61779-931-0_2.


Over the past decade, the accumulation of detailed knowledge of antibody structure and function has enabled antibody phage display to emerge as a powerful in vitro alternative to hybridoma methods for creating antibodies. Many antibodies produced using phage display technology have unique properties that are not obtainable using traditional hybridoma technologies. In phage display, selections are performed under controlled, in vitro conditions that are tailored to suit demands of the antigen and the sequence encoding the antibody is immediately available. These features obviate many of the limitations of hybridoma methodology, and because the entire process relies on scalable molecular biology techniques, phage display is also suitable for high-throughput applications. Thus, antibody phage display technology is well suited for genome-scale biotechnology and therapeutic applications. This review describes the antibody phage display technology and highlights examples of antibodies with unique properties that cannot easily be obtained by other technologies.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies / genetics
  • Antibodies / immunology
  • Antibodies / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Peptide Library*
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / immunology
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism*


  • Antibodies
  • Peptide Library
  • Recombinant Proteins