This study was to investigate the effect of concomitantly administered curcumin on the pharmacokinetics of talinolol and association with ABCB1 C3435T genetic polymorphism. A two-phase, randomized, single-blind, crossover study was carried out in 18 healthy male volunteers with different genotypes of ABCB1, including C3435C (CC, n = 6), C3435T (CT, n = 6) and T3435T (TT, n = 6). The pharmacokinetics of talinolol were measured after co-administration of placebo or 1000 mg curcumin capsules once daily for 14 days. The AUC(0-48 h) and AUC(0-∞) of talinolol were increased by 67.0% (95% CI: 1.09~2.25; p = 0.002) and 80.8% (95% CI: 0.92~2.69; p = 0.005) respectively with curcumin co-administration. The C(max) of talinolol was significantly higher after curcumin administration as compared with placebo (p = 0.029).The CL/F of talinolol was decreased by 25.9% (p = 0.005) during the curcumin-treated phase. No significant change in t(max) and t(1/2) of talinolol were observed between the placebo- and curcumin-treated phases. AUC(0-48), AUC(0-∞), C(max) of talinolol were extensively increased and CL(oral)/F decreased in TT subjects. Co-administration of curcumin significantly increased the plasma concentration of talinolol in healthy volunteers. The effect of curcumin on talinolol was associated with ABCB1 genotypes (C3435T).