[Amblyopia: reading speed in comparison with visual acuity for gratings, single Landolt Cs and series Landolt Cs]

Fortschr Ophthalmol. 1990;87(5):500-3.
[Article in German]


In the treatment of amblyopia in preschool children, a means of predicting later reading ability would be helpful. This prediction might be possible using a test for visual acuity where the results correlate with reading ability in adult patients with amblyopia. We measured the following four parameters in 18 experienced readers with strabismic amblyopia: (1) time spent reading ten lines of a standard text in one of three magnifications, (2) visual acuity for gratings, (3) visual acuity for single Landolt Cs, and (4) visual acuity for crowded Landolt Cs (one Landolt C flanked by two full rings on each side each at a distance of 2.6 min of arc). The reading text was presented on paper at a distance of 40 cm; the subject had a choice of three magnifications. The acuity tests were generated by a computer on a VDU at 4.6 m. The relative impairment of the amblyopic eye was defined as the quotient between the performance of the amblyopic and the good eye. In addition, the difference between the times spent reading the ten lines with the amblyopic and with the good eye was calculated.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Amblyopia / diagnosis*
  • Amblyopia / therapy
  • Attention
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Microcomputers*
  • Pattern Recognition, Visual*
  • Reaction Time
  • Vision Tests / instrumentation*
  • Visual Acuity*