Backgrounds: Copeptin has been studied as an excellent predictor of outcome in a variety of diseases, its value is even superior to that of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) in heart failure, but little is known about its characteristics in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)/acute lung injury (ALI). We sought to assess the diagnostic and prognostic value of copeptin together with N-terminal pro-BNP (NT-proBNP) in patients with ARDS/ALI or cardiogenic pulmonary edema (CPE).
Methods: Measurement of copeptin and NT-proBNP levels in plasma from 121 consecutive patients with either ARDS/ALI or CPE enrolled in a prospective single center study.
Results: In a derivation cohort of 87 patients with ARDS/ALI and 34 patients with CPE, a copeptin threshold of >40.11 pmol/L provided a specificity of 88.2% and a sensitivity of 60.9% for the diagnosis of ARDS/ALI, a NT-proBNP cut point of <2813 pg/ml had a specificity of 79.4% and sensitivity of 65.5% for it. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that copeptin was the strongest predictor for mortality in patients with ARDS/ALI [hazard ratio (HR) = 4.72, P < 0.001] and CPE (HR = 3.52, P = 0.019), the association between increasing copeptin and death was statistically significant in patients with ARDS/ALI (HR = 2.64, P = 0.035) and patients with CPE (HR = 1.62, P = 0.029).
Conclusion: Copeptin of >40.11 pmol/L had a high specificity for the diagnosis of ARDS/ALI in patients presenting with ARDS/ALI or CPE. Compared to NT-proBNP, copeptin was a stronger prognostic marker for short-term mortality.
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