Chemokines at mucosal barriers and their impact on HIV infection

Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2012 Aug-Oct;23(4-5):233-43. doi: 10.1016/j.cytogfr.2012.05.010. Epub 2012 Jun 22.


Aside from representing a physical barrier and providing an unfavorable chemical milieu to viral and bacterial infections, mucosae of gut and female genital tract also contain organized lymphoid structures that support the initiation of anti-microbial immune responses, and more diffuse lymphoid tissues that represent immune effector mucosal sites. Local expression of specific chemokines orchestrates lymphoid cell trafficking and positioning in the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissues, leading to their efficient priming during antigenic stimulations as well as their specific homing back where they were primed. This review examines productions and roles of mucosae-specific chemokines in healthy and pathological conditions, as well as their possible positive and deleterious effects during mucosal HIV infection.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chemokines / immunology*
  • Chemokines / metabolism
  • Endometrium / immunology
  • Endometrium / metabolism
  • Endometrium / virology
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / immunology*
  • HIV Infections / metabolism
  • HIV Infections / virology
  • HIV-1 / immunology*
  • HIV-1 / physiology
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions / immunology
  • Humans
  • Immunity, Mucosal / immunology*
  • Intestinal Mucosa / immunology
  • Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism
  • Intestinal Mucosa / virology
  • Lymphoid Tissue / immunology
  • Lymphoid Tissue / metabolism
  • Lymphoid Tissue / virology


  • Chemokines