Normative and criterion-related standards for shuttle run performance in youth

Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2012 May;24(2):157-69. doi: 10.1123/pes.24.2.157.


The purpose of this study was to calculate and validate reference standards for the 20-m shuttle run test (SR) in youths aged 10-18 years. Reference standards based on the number of completed SR laps were calculated by LMS method in a reference group of 5559 students. Cut-off values for SR laps were determined and tested by ROC curve analysis in a validation group (633 students), from which waist circumference, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, fasting glucose and mean arterial pressure were assessed to calculate a metabolic risk score, later dichotomized in low and high metabolic risk (HMRS). The accuracy of SR laps standards was significant for girls (AUC = 0.66; 95% CI = 0.58-0.74; p < .001) and boys (AUC = 0.71; 95% CI = 0.62-0.79; p < .001) for identifying subjects at HMRS. The 40th percentile was the best cut-off for SR laps in girls (SENS = 0.569; 1-SPEC = 0.330) and boys (SENS = 0.634; 1-SPEC = 0.266). New SR laps reference standards are able to discriminate metabolic risk levels, and may provide a valuable tool for early prevention of cardiovascular risk factors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Factors
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / pathology
  • Child
  • Confidence Intervals
  • Exercise Test*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Oxygen Consumption / physiology
  • Physical Fitness / physiology*
  • ROC Curve
  • Reference Values
  • Running / physiology*