Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate renal functional reserve (RFR) and to assess its relationship with serum cystatin C and blood pressure in children with apparently normal congenital solitary functioning kidney (SFK).
Material and methods: RFR was obtained from the difference of endogenous creatinine clearance (CrCs) before and after a meat-free oral protein load (OPL) in the patients who were pre-treated with cimetidine. Serum cystatin C and urinary protein excretion were determined before and after OPL.
Results: Among 22 patients (13 boys), aged 9.5 ± 4.3 years, 72.7% had increased serum cystatin C, and 54.5% had decreased RFR. Following OPL, CrCs and urine creatinine increased, while serum creatinine and cystatin C remained unchanged. The multiple regression analysis demonstrated that cystatin C could predict more than 90% of RFR variability.
Conclusion: Half of the patients with apparently normal SFK had decreased RFR. Serum cystatin C is one of the best predictors of RFR.
Copyright © 2012 The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.