A tube latex test based on colour separation for the detection of IgM antibodies to either one of two different microorganisms

J Immunol Methods. 1990 Dec 31;135(1-2):9-14. doi: 10.1016/0022-1759(90)90250-y.


A simple two stage assay was developed for the detection of IgM antibodies to either one of two microorganisms chosen arbitrarily for this study. Salmonella enteritidis and Trichinella spiralis. In the first stage, magnetic polystyrene beads (Dynabeads) coated with anti-mu (mouse) antibodies were incubated with the test material for 45 min to capture the IgM antibodies. In the second stage, indicator latex particles were incubated with the Dynabeads for 30 min and the results read following settlement of the Dynabeads under the influence of a magnet. Two types of indicator particles were used: blue-coloured (sensitized with Trichinella antigen) and red-coloured (sensitized with Salmonella antigen). These were mixed in suitable proportions to form a purple suspension. Reaction of either type of latex particles due to binding to the adsorbed IgM antibodies resulted in the settlement of that particle and hence a change of colour in the suspension to either red (if Trichinella-specific antibodies alone were present) or blue (if Salmonella-specific antibodies alone were present). When applied to the sera (used at 1/10 dilution) of both normal and immunized mice, the assay was positive for all but one (18) immune sera, and negative for all but one (9) normal sera.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Bacterial / immunology*
  • Antibodies, Helminth / immunology*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology
  • Antigens, Bacterial / immunology
  • Antigens, Helminth / immunology
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Immunoassay / methods*
  • Immunoglobulin M / analysis*
  • Latex
  • Mice
  • Microspheres
  • Salmonella enteritidis / immunology
  • Trichinella / immunology


  • Antibodies, Bacterial
  • Antibodies, Helminth
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, Bacterial
  • Antigens, Helminth
  • Immunoglobulin M
  • Latex