Perceived migraine triggers: do dietary factors play a role?

Nutr Hosp. Mar-Apr 2012;27(2):483-9. doi: 10.1590/S0212-16112012000200020.

Abstract

The present cross-sectional study was designed to assess the frequency of 36 possible triggering factors precipitating a migraine crisis (hormonal, environmental, and dietary) in adult outpatients suffering from migraine attacks. A group of 123 migraine sufferers, aged 43.2 ± 13.9 (mean ± SD) years, including 114 (92.7%) women, 68.3% having migraine without aura, 68.3% reporting pain severe enough to require drug prophylaxis, and 29.3% presenting with hypertension, were evaluated. The most common triggers were stress and fasting, and environmental and hormonal factors were frequently found to precipitate a crisis. More than 90% of the patients reported susceptibility to 5 or more factors, and only 2.4% did not complain about any dietary factor. The large number of triggers detected in the present study emphasises the importance of awareness and avoidance of these factors in the management of patients with migraine.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age of Onset
  • Aged
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet*
  • Environment
  • Ethnic Groups
  • Female
  • Hormones / physiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Migraine Disorders / etiology*
  • Migraine with Aura / etiology
  • Migraine without Aura / etiology
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Hormones