Mediastinal lymph node staging: from noninvasive to surgical

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012 Jul;199(1):W54-64. doi: 10.2214/AJR.11.7446.


Objective: The purpose of this review is to describe the current lymph node stations and lymph node staging of non-small cell lung carcinoma. Minimally invasive and invasive methods of mediastinal lymph node staging are emphasized, and the relative accuracy and limitations of each modality are described.

Conclusion: Lung carcinoma remains the most common cause of cancer death in the United States. Accurate staging of lung cancer is imperative for implementing the correct therapy and assessing patient prognosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biopsy, Needle
  • Bronchoscopy / methods
  • Carcinoma, Bronchogenic / diagnostic imaging
  • Carcinoma, Bronchogenic / pathology*
  • Carcinoma, Bronchogenic / secondary*
  • Carcinoma, Bronchogenic / surgery
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / diagnostic imaging
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Lung Neoplasms / surgery
  • Lymph Node Excision
  • Lymph Nodes / diagnostic imaging
  • Lymph Nodes / pathology*
  • Lymph Nodes / surgery
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Mediastinum
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
  • Ultrasonography