Randomized controlled trial of CARE: an intervention to improve outcomes of hospitalized elders and family caregivers

Res Nurs Health. 2012 Oct;35(5):533-49. doi: 10.1002/nur.21491. Epub 2012 Jun 27.


In this randomized controlled trial we tested the efficacy of an intervention program (CARE: Creating Avenues for Relative Empowerment) for improving outcomes of hospitalized older adults and their family caregivers (FCGs). FCG-patient dyads (n = 407) were randomized into two groups. The CARE group received a two-session empowerment-educational program 1-2 days post-admission and 1-3 days pre-discharge. The attention control group received a generic information program during the same timeframe. Follow-up was at 2 weeks and 2 months post-discharge. There were no statistically significant differences in patient or FCG outcomes. However, inconsistent evidence of role outcome differences suggests that CARE may benefit certain FCG subgroups instead of being a one-size-fits-all intervention strategy. Closer examination of CARE's mechanisms and effects is needed.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Aged
  • Caregivers / education*
  • Caregivers / psychology
  • Female
  • Hospitalization*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Education as Topic* / methods
  • Power, Psychological
  • Socioeconomic Factors