Targeted intervention improves knowledge but not self-care or readmissions in heart failure patients with mild cognitive impairment

Eur J Heart Fail. 2012 Sep;14(9):1041-9. doi: 10.1093/eurjhf/hfs096. Epub 2012 Jun 26.

Abstract

Aims: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is prevalent in heart failure, and can contribute to poor self-care and higher hospital readmissions. Strategies to improve self-care in patients with MCI have not been studied. This randomized controlled trial aimed to test the effect of a targeted intervention on self-care, heart failure knowledge, and 30-day readmissions.

Methods and results: The study included 125 patients hospitalized for exacerbation of heart failure who screened positive for MCI. The treatment group received a targeted self-care teaching intervention using principles of cognitive training. Self-care, heart failure knowledge, depression, and social support were assessed at baseline and 30 days post-discharge. Mean heart failure knowledge scores improved significantly in the intervention group, but decreased in the control group (P < 0.001). When controlling for other variables, patients in the intervention group showed a greater increase in heart failure knowledge than patients in the control group (P = 0.027). Black race was significantly associated with lower heart failure knowledge scores (P = 0.030). Mean change scores for self-care showed greater improvement in the intervention group when compared with the control group; however, this was not statistically significant. There was no difference in readmission rates between the groups.

Conclusion: It is feasible to conduct a randomized controlled trial in patients with MCI. Patients in the treatment group had greater heart failure knowledge at 30 days post-discharge; however, this did not impact readmission rates. Further research is needed to describe how MCI affects self-care and knowledge, and how race and other factors may influence outcomes in this population.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Blacks
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / complications
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / therapy*
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Heart Failure / complications
  • Heart Failure / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Maryland
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Education as Topic / methods*
  • Patient Readmission / statistics & numerical data*
  • Self Care / standards*
  • Young Adult